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自从成为主流,比特币有一点身份危机。

主要是因为没有人确保它是否应该是钱还是财产。IRS说它就税收而言是财产,商品期货交易委员会说他是一种商品,大多数支持比特币的人倾向于说它是世界上最先进的货币。

然而,今天一个佛罗里达州的法官裁定它是财产,并强调这个观点可能成为先例在未来比特币相关的法庭案件中。

有一些细节:回溯到2013年的一个案件,被告被指控贩卖比特币给秘密官员换取现金,这个官员控告被告所得的是非法的。之后被告被逮捕了,他被指控与两件洗钱案有关(因为他处于他收到的现金是“赃物”的假设下),其中一项指控是作为传输/支付钱的工具的贩卖者。

第 1 段(可获 2 积分)

Teresa Pooler 法官今天驳回了起诉,本质上由于她的决定,比特币不是钱,所以被告不能被控诉为非法交易或洗钱。

对于洗钱的控诉,法律声明个体进行钱的“金融交易”是非法的,来自一个非法活动的执法人员说。Pooler法官同意被告的控诉应该被驳回因为金融交易被定义为包括金融票据,而比特币不是。

第 2 段(可获 2 积分)

For the money transmitter/payment instrument seller charge, Judge Pooler also agreed with the defense that Bitcoin doesn’t fall under the definition of “payment” instrument, and referenced the IRS’s definition as an example. Judge Pooler conceded by saying that “attempting to fit the sale of Bitcoin into a statutory scheme regarding money services businesses is like fitting a square peg in a round hole”.

While the decision is only on the Florida state circuit court level, it could act as precedent for future similar cases.

The reality is though that the ultimate decision on how to classify Bitcoin will end up in the hands of lawmakers. At some point state and federal lawmakers (and even those in other countries) are going to have to sit down and write a stricter definition of Bitcoin that will remove any ambiguity on whether or not it should be classified as currency or property.

第 3 段(可获 2 积分)

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